Juez de EE. UU. Detiene cientos de proyectos de perforación en fallo innovador sobre cambio climático

En una reprimenda de la agenda de la administración de Trump, "la energía primero", un juez decide que las emisiones de gases de efecto invernadero deben considerarse

En la primera revisión significativa de la agenda de "la energía primero" de la administración de Trump, un juez de EE. UU. Ha detenido temporalmente cientos de proyectos de perforación por no tener en cuenta el cambio climático. 

La perforación se había estancado en más de 300,000 acres de terrenos públicos en Wyoming después de que se descartara que la administración de Trump violó las leyes ambientales al no considerar las emisiones de gases de efecto invernadero. El juez federal ordenó a la Oficina de Administración de Tierras (BLM), que administra las tierras públicas de los EE. UU. Y otorga contratos de arrendamiento a la industria de la energía, para rehacer su análisis.

La decisión se deriva de una demanda ambiental. WildEarth Guardians, Physicians for Social Responsibility y Western Environmental Law Center demandaron a BLM en 2016 por no calcular ni limitar la cantidad de emisiones de gases de efecto invernadero de futuros proyectos de petróleo y gas.

La agencia "no cuantificó adecuadamente los impactos del cambio climático en el arrendamiento de petróleo y gas", dijo Rudolph Contreras, un juez de distrito de los EE. UU. En Washington DC, en un fallo el martes por la noche. Añadió que la agencia "debe considerar el impacto acumulativo de las emisiones de GEI [gases de efecto invernadero] generadas por los contratos BLM pasados, presentes y futuros en todo el país.

La decisión es el primer control significativo sobre el impacto climático de la agenda "la energía primero" de la administración de Trump que ha abierto grandes extensiones de terrenos públicos para la minería y la perforación. Los defensores del medio ambiente están alabando la medida, con Jeremy Nichols, director del Programa de Clima y Energía de WildEarth Guardians , calificándolo de "un triunfo para nuestro clima".

"Esta decisión dice que todo el programa de perforación de petróleo y gas está fuera de los rieles, y avanzando ilegalmente", dijo Nichols.

Bajo Trump, el ritmo de arrendamiento de tierras públicas para el desarrollo de petróleo y gas ha aumentado. Un estudio reciente encontró que la administración ha puesto a disposición más de 13m acres de tierra para arrendamiento , mucho más que cualquier otro período similar bajo Obama. La gran mayoría está ubicada en los estados del oeste de Colorado, Montana, Nuevo México, Nevada, Utah y Wyoming. La administración también planea hacer que gran parte del Atlántico esté disponible para el desarrollo de petróleo y gas, y el departamento del interior ha sido criticado por favorecer a la industria de la energía .

El BLM no respondió a una solicitud de comentarios. Western Energy Alliance, uno de los acusados ​​en el caso, tampoco respondió a una solicitud. Kathleen Sgamma, su presidenta, le dijo al Washington Post: "Este juez ha ignorado décadas de precedentes legales en este fallo. Básicamente, el juez le está pidiendo a BLM que adivine cuántos pozos se desarrollarán de manera prematura ".

Nichols predice que habrá implicaciones para las tierras públicas en todo el oeste. Su grupo ahora está preparado para iniciar un litigio para bloquear las perforaciones en cientos de miles de acres en otros estados.

"Con el aumento de la ciencia que necesitamos para controlar agresivamente los gases de efecto invernadero, esta decisión es monumental", dijo Kyle Tisdel, abogado y director del programa de energía y comunidades del Western Environmental Law Center. "Cada acre de nuestras tierras públicas vendidas a la industria del petróleo y el gas es otro golpe para el clima, por lo que este fallo es una poderosa verificación de la realidad en la administración Trump y una herramienta potente para controlar la contaminación climática".

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