La caída de la esperanza de vida se convierte en el "cambio climático" de la salud

Es oficial. A pesar de los increíbles avances que estamos viendo en ciencia y tecnología, las expectativas de vida se estancan o incluso caen en gran parte del mundo desarrollado. Las estadísticas recientes de los Centros para el Control de Enfermedades muestran que la esperanza de vida ha caído por tercer año consecutivo en los EE. UU. Hay señales ominosas de que el Reino Unido se dirige en la misma dirección con el crecimiento en el estancamiento de la esperanza de vida, según el New York Times, después años en la trayectoria ascendente.

El desafío de la sociedad que envejece se está convirtiendo rápidamente en el " cambio climático de la atención médica". Así lo dice Brian Kennedy, director del Centro para el Envejecimiento Saludable de Singapur. Al igual que con el calentamiento global, argumenta, muchas de las soluciones se basan en cambiar la dieta que modifica el comportamiento de las personas y otros hábitos de estilo de vida. Pero al igual que con el calentamiento global también, gran parte del mundo parece estar depositando sus esperanzas en una solución tecnológica.

La escala de inversión en tecnología para aumentar la longevidad es asombrosa. Según estimaciones recientes, la economía de la longevidad global alcanzará los $ 17 billones en 2019 y $ 27 billones en 2026, lo que representa alrededor del 20% del PIB mundial. Este mismo mes, Juvenescence, una empresa de creación de terapias y tecnologías para el tratamiento de enfermedades del envejecimiento y aumentar la longevidad humana, recaudó $ 100 millones en financiación Serie B . Los inversores están escalando sobre sí mismos para encontrar aquellas empresas que utilizan análisis avanzados, inteligencia artificial y biología computacional para generar curas para 'detener el envejecimiento' y aumentar significativamente la vida útil.

Entonces, con toda esta inversión y promesa, ¿por qué la esperanza de vida vacila o incluso disminuye? Estados Unidos gasta aproximadamente el doble que otros países ricos en atención médica, pero tiene la esperanza de vida más baja. A medida que EE. UU. Se ha enriquecido, la desigualdad también se ha disparado: las desigualdades de riqueza se han convertido en desigualdades de salud .

Está surgiendo una tendencia similar en el Reino Unido. El preciado Servicio Nacional de Salud (NHS) es gratuito para todos en el momento del parto, entonces, ¿por qué las muertes en el Reino Unido han aumentado más de lo esperado desde 2011 ? El NY Times dice que "por primera vez en la historia moderna, las ganancias de Gran Bretaña en la esperanza de vida se han estancado, con un abuso de alcohol y drogas, una dieta deficiente, obesidad, tabaquismo y la falta de ejercicio haciendo estragos ". La Oficina de Estadísticas Nacionales del Reino Unido   afirma esto, y Gran Bretaña ha descendido de rango con una esperanza de vida más baja que otros países europeos, incluidos Francia, España e Italia. El nivel de desigualdad entre las comunidades menos y más desfavorecidas es significativo. "brecha" es de 9 años para la esperanza de vida y 19 años para la esperanza de vida saludable . Los expertos dicen que las razones detrás de las cifras son complejas, pero algunos culpan a la austeridad del gobierno y muchos coinciden en que los ingresos y la riqueza son factores en la desaceleración .

Binyamin Appelbaum del New York Times escribió en un artículo de opinión reciente que "la medida más marcada del fracaso de las políticas económicas occidentales es que la esperanza de vida del estadounidense promedio está en declive". El economista Sir Angus Deaton recientemente despertó al mundo con la alarmante epidemia de opioides. en los Estados Unidos y " muerte por desesperación " en grupos socioeconómicos blancos de bajos ingresos afectados por el declive.

Si bien la epidemia de opioides es de hecho una "tragedia estadounidense" que corre el riesgo de propagarse en el extranjero, más fundamentalmente, el aumento de la desigualdad también está corrompiendo la democracia liberal, "lo que dificulta la obtención de apoyo para los tipos de políticas necesarias para ofrecer una prosperidad de base amplia a largo plazo , como la inversión pública en educación e infraestructura ", según Appelbaum.

Las realidades modernas exigen una nueva forma de capitalismo impulsado por la misión. Los mercados no operan en un vacío social o ambiental. Refiriéndose al debate sobre el cambio climático, la economía neoclásica sostiene que existe una compensación entre salvar el planeta y la eficiencia económica, el empleo y el crecimiento. No es así, argumenta el Instituto para la Innovación y el Propósito Público en el University College de Londres: "Resolver problemas humanos es lo que realmente crea prosperidad, por lo que resolver el cambio climático y crear una economía sostenible es un imperativo existencial y la mayor oportunidad para aumentar la prosperidad de Nuestra edad."

La economía de mercado sigue siendo uno de nuestros inventos más impresionantes. Pero las emergencias relacionadas con el cambio climático y la esperanza de vida muestran que no es adecuado para resolver los desafíos de hoy y de mañana. La medida del éxito de una sociedad debe alejarse de la creación de riqueza pura, calculada en términos de PIB, a una que considere la calidad de vida en toda la pirámide, no solo en la parte superior.

Nueva Zelanda  es el primer país occidental en diseñar todo su presupuesto en torno a las prioridades de bienestar (pobreza, violencia y salud mental) e instruir a sus ministerios a diseñar políticas para mejorar el bienestar. El Reino Unido debería considerar este modelo a medida que persigue su objetivo de ofrecer  cinco años adicionales de esperanza de vida saludable y cerrar la brecha social para 2035 . Debe reconocer, como Nueva Zelanda, que el gobierno debe abordar las causas profundas de la mala salud para mejorar la esperanza de vida .

Estas causas fundamentales se explican por cinco factores sociales: educación, empleo, ingresos, delincuencia y vivienda, según un informe reciente del Centro de Política Progresista .

Hay destellos recientes de esperanza y progreso. El Reino Unido  ha comenzado a medir la tasa nacional de bienestar y el reciente Libro Verde de Prevención incluye un nuevo Índice de Salud Compuesto para rastrear la salud de la población junto con el PIB. La intención es considerar la salud como un activo social clave para desarrollar y proteger, contribuyendo tanto a la economía como a la felicidad de la población.

El índice de salud tiene el potencial de ser un cambio de juego. ¿Pero seguirá el nuevo gobierno del Reino Unido con un enfoque audaz y valiente de toda la sociedad y todo el gobierno? ¿Allanará el camino para los incentivos, la inversión y la atención adecuados en las áreas adecuadas para generar impacto?

El problema fundamental sigue siendo: los segmentos más pobres de la sociedad ahora tienen menos posibilidades que en generaciones anteriores de beneficiarse de la prosperidad global y contribuir a un debate más amplio sobre el futuro de la sociedad. Este es el corazón de la mayoría de las crisis mundiales de nuestro tiempo, ya sea el cambio climático o la disminución de la longevidad.

Afortunadamente, la comunidad empresarial está empezando a despertar. La Business Roundtable en los Estados Unidos publicó recientemente sus últimos principios, redefiniendo el propósito de una corporación para promover " una economía que sirva a todos los estadounidenses ". Esto es significativo ya que refleja un cambio importante lejos del objetivo capitalista de maximizar las ganancias a cualquier costo para un objetivo más integral de garantizar que las acciones de la compañía conduzcan al bienestar social; Esto es algo por lo que el movimiento B Corp ha estado defendiendo durante algún tiempo , pero podría ser un buen augurio para un capitalismo más consciente socialmente.

vida

Comentarios

Submitted byferragamo sale (no verificado) on Sáb, 16/11/2019 - 08:50

I am often to running a blog and i really admire your content. The article has really peaks my interest. I'm going to bookmark your web site and keep checking for brand spanking new information.
ferragamo sale http://www.ferragamobelt.us

Submitted byvans shoes (no verificado) on Mar, 19/11/2019 - 15:48

This website online is mostly a stroll-via for all of the data you needed about this and didn抰 know who to ask. Glimpse right here, and also you抣l definitely discover it.
vans shoes http://www.vans-outlet.us.com

Submitted byconverse (no verificado) on Mar, 19/11/2019 - 21:55

After I initially commented I clicked the -Notify me when new feedback are added- checkbox and now every time a comment is added I get four emails with the same comment. Is there any way you may take away me from that service? Thanks!
converse http://www.conversesoutlets.com

Submitted bysalimarket (no verificado) on Mié, 20/11/2019 - 23:56
Submitted bycheap jordans (no verificado) on Vie, 22/11/2019 - 22:01

After research a number of of the weblog posts in your web site now, and I really like your manner of blogging. I bookmarked it to my bookmark website list and will probably be checking back soon. Pls check out my website online as nicely and let me know what you think.
cheap jordans http://www.jordanshoes.us

Submitted byretro jordans (no verificado) on Mar, 26/11/2019 - 03:18

Hiya! I just would like to give a huge thumbs up for the good data you've gotten right here on this post. I will probably be coming again to your weblog for extra soon.
retro jordans http://www.retrojordanssale.com

Submitted bykyrie 4 (no verificado) on Mié, 27/11/2019 - 09:03

I抎 should verify with you here. Which isn't one thing I usually do! I enjoy reading a post that will make individuals think. Additionally, thanks for allowing me to comment!
kyrie 4 http://www.kyrie4.org

Submitted byoff-white (no verificado) on Jue, 28/11/2019 - 03:47

There are definitely lots of particulars like that to take into consideration. That may be a great point to carry up. I supply the thoughts above as common inspiration but clearly there are questions like the one you carry up where crucial thing will probably be working in honest good faith. I don?t know if finest practices have emerged round things like that, but I am sure that your job is clearly recognized as a good game. Each girls and boys really feel the impression of only a second抯 pleasure, for the remainder of their lives.
off-white http://www.offwhite.us.com

Submitted bylebron 16 (no verificado) on Sáb, 30/11/2019 - 04:02

It抯 exhausting to search out educated people on this topic, however you sound like you know what you抮e speaking about! Thanks
lebron 16 http://www.lebron16.us

Submitted byhermes birkin (no verificado) on Dom, 01/12/2019 - 00:32

It抯 laborious to search out knowledgeable folks on this matter, but you sound like you realize what you抮e talking about! Thanks
hermes birkin http://www.birkinbag.us.com

Submitted byconverse shoes (no verificado) on Lun, 02/12/2019 - 22:02

After research a few of the weblog posts in your website now, and I truly like your means of blogging. I bookmarked it to my bookmark website list and will probably be checking back soon. Pls take a look at my website online as properly and let me know what you think.
converse shoes http://www.converseshoesoutlet.com

Submitted bypavincia (no verificado) on Mar, 03/12/2019 - 08:52
Submitted bymichael kors purses (no verificado) on Mar, 03/12/2019 - 18:12

Youre so cool! I dont suppose Ive learn something like this before. So nice to search out someone with some unique thoughts on this subject. realy thanks for beginning this up. this website is something that is wanted on the net, someone with a bit originality. helpful job for bringing one thing new to the web!
michael kors purses http://www.michael-kors-handbags.org.uk

Submitted bysupreme clothing (no verificado) on Jue, 05/12/2019 - 18:51

Aw, this was a really nice post. In idea I would like to put in writing like this additionally ?taking time and precise effort to make an excellent article?but what can I say?I procrastinate alot and on no account appear to get one thing done.
supreme clothing http://www.supremehoodies.us

Submitted bycheap jordans (no verificado) on Dom, 15/12/2019 - 11:33

I as well as my pals were taking note of the nice recommendations on your web site while the sudden developed a horrible suspicion I had not thanked the website owner for those strategies. Those boys were definitely certainly thrilled to see them and have in actuality been loving these things. Appreciation for simply being considerably accommodating and for obtaining varieties of essential issues most people are really wanting to learn about. Our own honest regret for not expressing gratitude to you earlier.
cheap jordans http://www.jordansforcheap.us.com

Submitted bynike shox (no verificado) on Lun, 16/12/2019 - 18:06

I am commenting to make you be aware of of the great encounter my cousin's princess gained visiting your web site. She picked up plenty of issues, which include how it is like to have an awesome teaching mood to make men and women with no trouble gain knowledge of some tortuous subject areas. You truly exceeded people's expected results. Many thanks for rendering those warm and friendly, dependable, edifying not to mention easy thoughts on the topic to Ethel.
nike shox http://www.nike-shox.us.com

Submitted bynike air max 2019 (no verificado) on Vie, 20/12/2019 - 05:53

My wife and i ended up being very peaceful Michael could carry out his studies via the precious recommendations he received while using the web pages. It's not at all simplistic just to find yourself giving away hints that many some other people may have been selling. So we do know we need the website owner to thank for that. The entire explanations you have made, the easy website menu, the relationships you can aid to engender - it's many fantastic, and it's helping our son and us do think the theme is enjoyable, which is seriously fundamental. Many thanks for the whole lot!
nike air max 2019 http://www.nikeairmax2019.com

Submitted byoff white jordan 1 (no verificado) on Mar, 24/12/2019 - 04:30

Thanks for all your valuable work on this blog. Ellie delights in working on internet research and it's really obvious why. My partner and i hear all of the lively method you present powerful things via this web site and as well as welcome response from the others about this concern so our daughter has always been being taught a whole lot. Have fun with the rest of the year. You are always doing a wonderful job.
off white jordan 1 http://www.offwhitexjordan1.com

Submitted byjordan 11 (no verificado) on Mié, 25/12/2019 - 18:05

Thanks a lot for providing individuals with an exceptionally terrific possiblity to check tips from this website. It really is very good and as well , packed with amusement for me and my office mates to visit your web site on the least thrice per week to study the new guidance you will have. Not to mention, I'm so usually contented considering the attractive pointers you give. Certain 2 areas in this posting are particularly the very best I have ever had.
jordan 11 http://www.jordan11retro.us.com

Submitted byyeezy (no verificado) on Dom, 29/12/2019 - 21:56

Thanks for your own hard work on this web site. Kim really likes carrying out investigations and it's easy to see why. All of us notice all about the compelling way you create valuable tips through the web blog and even inspire contribution from others on that theme then my daughter has always been understanding a great deal. Enjoy the rest of the new year. You're doing a brilliant job.
yeezy http://www.yeezy-shoes.com

Submitted by바카라사이트 (no verificado) on Lun, 30/12/2019 - 06:05

This post is very helpful.I already have a blog with blogger and since I know that wordpress is more popular nowadays, I am confused as to continue with blogger or shift to wordpress.I hope you can help me decide. Yes, I also want to earn money with my blog.
바카라사이트

Submitted by카지노사이트 (no verificado) on Lun, 30/12/2019 - 06:06

Very helpful articlel. I am looking for an alternative to WordPress, which I detest. I have used it for many years, and it is time for change. I have used Blogger, which I like, and monetise effectively. However, the lack of support and times off line is of concern. However, I will now try one of your other suggestions. By the way, I used Bluehost for many years, but their excellent customer support rapidly deteriorated a couple of years ago – I think the company changed hands. Been with Inmotion ever since, and I cannot fault them. Thanks for your tips.
카지노사이트

Submitted by바카라사이트 (no verificado) on Lun, 30/12/2019 - 06:07

Blogspot is also a good platform for blogging. I think google server is the fastest and best server. It is also easy to create and maintain. thanks for sharing nice post.
카지노사이트

Submitted by카지노사이트 (no verificado) on Lun, 30/12/2019 - 06:07

Hey Jaime. I’d love to try something new in terms of starting up a blog and would love to start blogging and to make money on the side. Problem is that I don’t know which site to choose. Please help.
카지노사이트

Submitted bypolo ralph lauren (no verificado) on Mié, 01/01/2020 - 09:40

I would like to show my thanks to the writer for rescuing me from this type of circumstance. After scouting through the world-wide-web and obtaining methods which are not pleasant, I figured my entire life was over. Being alive without the solutions to the difficulties you've sorted out all through your entire guideline is a crucial case, as well as those that could have adversely damaged my entire career if I had not discovered your web site. Your actual talents and kindness in taking care of the whole lot was very helpful. I am not sure what I would've done if I hadn't come across such a stuff like this. I can now look ahead to my future. Thanks very much for your skilled and sensible help. I won't hesitate to refer the website to any individual who would like guidance on this subject matter.
polo ralph lauren http://www.polosralphlaurenuk.com

Submitted bygoyard bags (no verificado) on Jue, 02/01/2020 - 07:12

I must express some thanks to the writer for bailing me out of such a crisis. After researching throughout the world-wide-web and getting things which were not pleasant, I figured my life was over. Living devoid of the answers to the problems you've sorted out by means of your main guideline is a crucial case, as well as the kind that could have in a negative way damaged my entire career if I hadn't noticed your web page. Your own personal talents and kindness in dealing with all the stuff was precious. I'm not sure what I would've done if I hadn't come across such a step like this. I can at this time look ahead to my future. Thanks for your time so much for your high quality and sensible guide. I will not be reluctant to suggest the blog to anybody who would need tips about this area.
goyard bags http://www.goyardhandbags.us.org

Submitted byferragamo belt (no verificado) on Sáb, 04/01/2020 - 21:07

I definitely wanted to send a remark so as to appreciate you for the awesome ideas you are writing here. My extended internet lookup has finally been rewarded with reasonable insight to exchange with my contacts. I 'd declare that we site visitors actually are extremely blessed to be in a fine place with many wonderful people with good tactics. I feel really happy to have encountered your web site and look forward to some more brilliant times reading here. Thanks again for all the details.
ferragamo belt http://www.ferragamobelt.us.org

Submitted byvapormax (no verificado) on Dom, 05/01/2020 - 23:29

Thanks so much for giving everyone a very brilliant possiblity to read in detail from here. It is often so pleasurable and as well , jam-packed with a good time for me and my office acquaintances to visit your web site nearly thrice every week to study the new guidance you have got. And lastly, I'm so actually fascinated for the perfect tricks you serve. Some 2 tips in this posting are honestly the most efficient we have had.
vapormax http://www.vapormax.org.uk

Submitted byhermes belt (no verificado) on Jue, 09/01/2020 - 10:55

I needed to send you that very little note to help thank you very much once again for the great solutions you have shared on this site. It was quite generous of people like you to deliver unreservedly just what many people might have offered as an e book in making some dough for their own end, principally seeing that you might have tried it if you ever decided. The principles likewise worked to become a fantastic way to fully grasp that most people have the identical passion similar to mine to realize a whole lot more on the topic of this condition. Certainly there are several more pleasant sessions up front for folks who view your blog post.
hermes belt http://www.hermesbelts.co.uk

Añadir nuevo comentario

Restricted HTML

  • Etiquetas HTML permitidas: <a href hreflang> <em> <strong> <cite> <blockquote cite> <code> <ul type> <ol start type> <li> <dl> <dt> <dd> <h2 id> <h3 id> <h4 id> <h5 id> <h6 id>
  • Saltos automáticos de líneas y de párrafos.
  • Las direcciones de correos electrónicos y páginas web se convierten en enlaces automáticamente.