Estados Unidos es el semillero de la negación del cambio climático, según una importante encuesta mundial

Exclusivo : de los 23 países grandes, solo Arabia Saudita e Indonesia tuvieron una mayor proporción de dudosos

EE. UU. Es un foco de negación de la ciencia del clima en comparación con otros países, ya que las encuestas internacionales encuentran que un número significativo de estadounidenses no cree que se esté produciendo un cambio climático impulsado por los seres humanos.

Un total del 13% de los estadounidenses encuestados en una encuesta de 23 países realizada por YouGov-Cambridge Globalism Project estuvo de acuerdo con la afirmación de que el clima está cambiando "pero la actividad humana no es responsable en absoluto". Otro 5% dijo que el clima no estaba cambiando.

Solo Arabia Saudita (16%) e Indonesia (18%) tuvieron una mayor proporción de personas que dudan del cambio climático provocado por el hombre.

Los estadounidenses también eran más propensos que cualquier otro país occidental encuestado a decir que no sabían si el clima estaba cambiando o si la gente era responsable, un total del 13% dijo esto.

Pero a pesar de estas opiniones, la gran mayoría de los ciudadanos de los Estados Unidos aceptan la ciencia del cambio climático, casi cuatro de cada 10 dicen que la actividad humana fue al menos parcialmente responsable, potencialmente con otros factores, y una tercera parte adicional considera que la actividad humana es más fuerte. La causa dominante.

Los científicos están totalmente de acuerdo en que las personas están causando el cambio climático a través del aumento exponencial de las emisiones de gases de efecto invernadero a lo largo de los años. Las emisiones globales siguen aumentando, y los últimos cuatro años han sido los más calurosos desde que comenzaron los registros.

En octubre pasado, el Panel Intergubernamental sobre Cambio Climático , el cuerpo de los principales científicos del clima del mundo, advirtió sobre las terribles consecuencias del calentamiento global continuo, lo que indica que la ventana de oportunidades para la acción se había reducido a tan solo 12 años.

Greta Thunberg

 Greta Thunberg. Fotografía: Leon Neal / Getty Images

Como resultado, ha surgido un movimiento global de jóvenes que piden acción , encabezado por la adolescente sueca Greta Thunberg , que da paso en Londres a una exhibición más enérgica de protesta callejera orquestada por el grupo de Extinction Rebellion .

En los EE. UU., Las protestas callejeras han sido menos visibles, pero el panorama político en torno al cambio climático ha sido transformado por el Green New Deal , un esfuerzo de la congresista demócrata Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez para estimular una movilización a nivel de la segunda guerra mundial para frenar la cada vez más severa Huracanes e incendios forestales que están arrasando el país.

Extinción rebelión manifestantes en la Plaza del Parlamento en Londres.

 

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 Extinction Rebellion manifestantes en la Plaza del Parlamento en Londres. Fotografía: Henry Nicholls / Reuters

Esta semana, un informe de evaluación global de la ONU , compilado durante más de tres años por más de 450 científicos y diplomáticos, advirtió que un millón de especies están en riesgo, en gran parte como resultado de acciones humanas que aceleran el declive de los sistemas naturales de soporte vital de la Tierra en Una tasa alarmante.

Pero la negación más amplia de la ciencia del clima se debe a una campaña concertada de desinformación por parte de los intereses de los combustibles fósiles y aspectos del carácter estadounidense, según Margaret Klein Salamon, psicóloga clínica que fundó el grupo de defensa de la movilización del clima .

"Los hermanos Koch y la industria de los combustibles fósiles han invertido miles de millones de dólares en mentir al público estadounidense, incluso enviando literatura a maestros de ciencias en las escuelas", dijo Salamon. “Están muy bien organizados y han logrado convertir el cambio climático en un tema controvertido que se cierra. Está claramente funcionando.

“También está el tema del individualismo estadounidense, los restos del destino manifiesto , que no nos ayudan a comprender que somos parte de la red de la vida. El sueño americano es bastante auto-involucrado. Necesitamos un nuevo sueño americano ".

Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez pidiendo un Green New Deal.

 

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 Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez pidiendo un Green New Deal. Fotografía: Saul Loeb / AFP / Getty Images

Los datos de YouGov sugieren que los estadounidenses también parecen inusualmente propensos a las teorías de conspiración relacionadas con el clima. Un total del 17% de los encuestados estuvo de acuerdo en que "la idea del calentamiento global provocado por el hombre es un engaño que se inventó para engañar a las personas".

La creencia en esta teoría de la conspiración, que fue invocada anteriormente por Donald Trump, quien falsamente afirmó que el cambio climático fue inventado por China, aumenta con la edad y también con la ideología política conservadora. Un total del 52% de los estadounidenses que se describieron como "muy derechistas" a YouGov insistió en que el calentamiento global era un engaño.

En Europa, menos de una de cada 10 personas en los principales países encuestados pensaron que el clima no estaba cambiando o no estaba cambiando debido a la actividad humana, y solo Polonia mostraba un número ligeramente mayor, con un 12% de ellos tomando una de estas opiniones.

En el Reino Unido, el apetito del público por una acción más firme sobre el cambio climático parece haber aumentado notablemente solo en las últimas semanas, después de que se llevó a cabo esta encuesta. Las protestas masivas de Extinction Rebellion se encontraron con un amplio apoyo, y la activista juvenil Thunberg fue recibida por políticos de alto nivel , incluido el líder del Partido Laborista, Jeremy Corbyn, y el secretario de medio ambiente, Michael Gove.

Greta Thunberg es aplaudida por los políticos (de izquierda a derecha) Michael Gove, Layla Moran, Ed Miliband y Caroline Lucas.

 

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 Greta Thunberg es aplaudida por los políticos (de izquierda a derecha) Michael Gove, Layla Moran, Ed Miliband y Caroline Lucas. Fotografía: Leon Neal / Getty Images

La semana pasada, el asesor legal del gobierno del Reino Unido, el Comité sobre el Cambio Climático, recomendó formas en que el Reino Unido podría reducir sus emisiones de gases de efecto invernadero a cero a mediados de siglo, y el parlamento del Reino Unido votó que el mundo estaba en un estado de "emergencia climática". Y esa acción debe ser tomada en consecuencia.

Los individuos a menudo se encogen de hombros porque no pueden hacer nada por sí mismos, pero la encuesta de YouGov encontró que las personas ya están examinando sus propios hábitos de compra por razones ambientales.

Una clara mayoría de los encuestados en todos los países opinaron que era bastante o muy importante comprar bienes éticos hechos de manera social y ambientalmente responsable.

Quizás sorprendentemente, el apoyo para compras éticas fue más débil en Alemania, con solo el 54% de las personas que consideraban que las compras éticas eran importantes, mientras que el 40% de las personas en el Reino Unido y los EE. UU. Lo consideraban poco importante.

Los datos de las encuestas de YouGov, publicados exclusivamente por The Guardian, muestran que una clara mayoría de las personas en todo el mundo piensan que el cambio climático está ocurriendo y que todo o parte se debe a acciones humanas.

Un niño sostiene una pancarta en una protesta en Nueva York.

 

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 Un niño sostiene una pancarta en una protesta en Nueva York la semana pasada. Fotografía: Brendan McDermid / Reuters

Si bien todavía hay holdouts, particularmente entre personas con opiniones políticas muy derechistas y autodenominadas, un tercio de los cuales tomó una postura escéptica o dijo que no sabía cuándo se les preguntó sobre el cambio climático, en este dato aparece un mandato para que los políticos tomen una decisión. Un enfoque más audaz para lidiar con el calentamiento global, dijo Wendel Trio, director de Climate Action Network Europe, un grupo de la sociedad civil.

"Encuesta tras encuesta confirma que hay una gran mayoría de ciudadanos que reconocen que el cambio climático está ocurriendo y que es causado por el hombre", dijo Trio. “Los ciudadanos esperan que los gobiernos actúen y reducen nuestro impacto negativo en el clima. Los gobiernos tienen la obligación de aumentar drásticamente las reducciones de emisiones y proteger a sus ciudadanos de los desastres climáticos ".

Donald

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